Primary Program

Ages 3-6 / Includes Kindergarten Year

“Develop Skills”

Half-Day 8:15 am – 12:30 pm
Full-Day 8:15 am – 2:30 pm

Our Primary Mission

The fundamental purpose of all Montessori education efforts is to create a more peaceful world through nurturing the spirit of the developing young child. Our objective differs from traditional teaching for it requires that children be made aware of their higher purpose over self-service or self-indulgence. This philosophy cultivates a respect and curiosity for the natural world and an understanding and acceptance of others through the virtues of love, humility, perseverance, adaptability, kindness, and compassion. “Help me to help myself” is the call of the Primary child, and they develop their own sense of self and independence through direct experience with the Montessori materials and in relationship to their classroom community.


Our Primary Classrooms

The Primary classroom (or “Children’s Primary House”) is a dynamic learning environment of mixed ages of 3-6 year-old children and is designed for developing physical and emotional independence. The space is prepared purposefully and attractively with all furnishings and manipulatives scaled to the child’s size. This custom fit for the young child creates a welcoming and inviting space that appeals to the child’s emerging independence.

Our classrooms foster an authentic desire to learn in a design where the oldest children mentor and inspire the youngest. Older children model respectful handling of and working with the materials and assist younger children as needed. Social and emotional intelligence is cultivated through this mentor influence as well as positive reinforcement, repetition with materials, and consistent attendance. The child develops more complex cognitive skills as they ascend through the curriculum in the third year.

The use of the trademark Montessori materials is based on the young child’s unique aptitude for learning with ease, which Dr. Montessori described as the “absorbent mind.” The child actually absorbs social behaviors, language, and information through all of their senses from age 0-6. Young children in Montessori classrooms have shown evidence of learning to read, write, and calculate in the same natural way that they learn to walk and talk. The materials are inviting, realistic, and precise, and they provide for specific periods of interest and readiness based on developmental markers.

The carefully prepared environment allows the child to experience choice, develop fine and gross motor skills through manipulative materials, and hone attention to scaffold these building blocks for lifelong learning.

The Montessori Children’s Primary House is divided into five curriculum areas:

  • The Practical Life Exercises

    These are beginning daily living activities for the three- and four year-old children who are developing control of movement, attention, sequencing, independence with self-care, and care of the environment.

  • The Sensorial Materials

    Designed for use by all ages, these didactic manipulatives isolate unique qualities such as length, breadth, height, color, sound, and shape. Learning through materialized abstractions, children construct, compare, and contrast to develop the ability to discriminate and categorize the world.

  • Language

    Development is interdisciplinary relative to the child’s interaction with the Montessori classroom materials and the community. Oral language is developed through song, story, poems, and sound games. Prerequisite letter sound association and phonemic awareness is cultivated with Montessori’s signature sandpaper cursive letters. Word building is achieved with a movable alphabet to foster emergent readers. The youngest child is exposed to these tactile materials based on Montessori’s findings that confirm the child’s sensitivity to readily absorb language.

  • Mathematics

    Concrete materials reinforce one-to-one correspondence with numbers base 1-10. The base 10 decimal system is introduced with concrete manipulative glass beads, providing opportunities for learning arithmetic concepts with complex numbers as well as linear and skip counting to 1,000 with the colored bead chains.

  • Cultural and Natural Sciences

    Exploration is based on the child’s interest and developmental tendencies. Art materials provide direct experience with color, texture, contrast, compliment, and symmetry with developmentally appropriate materials in a wide range of mediums. Music is a daily part of the primary experience through group singing, listening appreciation, and exploration of the pentatonic scale with the Montessori bells. Movement with music, song, rhythm, and rhyme are also employed daily at group time to develop the phonological listening skills critical to reading in order to recognize holidays and seasons and to create a general love of community gathering. Our planet’s geography is discussed with globes, maps, and models of geographic formations, and botany and biology are introduced through exposure to the outside world, gardening, observing, discussion, and study of plants and animals.

Primary Afternoons

After eating lunch together, Half-Day children and those who are nappers depart at 12:30 pm, and Full-Day children remain with their communities for the afternoon. This additional Montessori work period includes “big work” for the older children, creative activities for the younger children, and community jobs for all. Once a child is no longer napping, and their teachers have determined they would benefit from the Full-Day program, they may be invited to remain with their community for the afternoon.

“Parkside is more than just an amazing Montessori school, it is a community of parents, students, teachers, and staff who care for, guide, and support one another. It is an environment where everyone grows and we are so grateful to be a part of it. ”
Eric and Stacy Aronson